by Mariah Prosper
Chakras were first associated with a Goddess named Kundalini. She is described as a sleeping serpent coiled three and a half times around the first chakra at the base of the spine. Her name comes from the word 'kundala', meaning coiled. In the Hindu beliefs,this Goddess, when awakened, climbs upward, chakra by chakra, until she reaches the crown chakra at the top of the head. As she pierces each chakra, she brings awakening to her subject. When her journey is complete, her subject is said to be fully enlightened. 

The path through the chakras forms a vertical column, called Sushumna, our major highway up our spine. Traveling in what appears to be in figure eight patterns through all of the chakras are two more subtle energy currents called Ida and Pingala, meaning sun and moon respectively.

The rising of Kundalini through the Sushumna awakens each of the chakras, allowing one to experience new and 'higher' states of consciousness. For this reason, emphasis has been on the arousal of Kundalini.

Chakra is a Sanskrit word meaning wheel or disk. Described as a wheel-like spinning vortex, a chakra is an energy point of intersection between various planes. At every joint or intersection in our body, lies a chakra.

There are many books written on the subject of chakras, such as "Wheels of Life" by Anodea Judith, which we recommend for a complete understanding of chakras.

There are seven major chakras, five 'secret' chakras, and several minor chakras which exist on many planes simultaneously.

In the human body, the chakras correspond to levels of consciousness (subtle bodies) as well as the physical.

The chakras are created by the junction of two vertical currents in our electrical system.

The lower chakras are of equal importance as the upper chakras. Some systems of energy work only focus on the higher chakras--the heart being the middle point of reference.

The Chakra System is the same as the "Tree of Life", a pattern of evolution that describes dimensional shifts of consciousness. We are presently going from the third level to the fourth.

Chakras correspond to colors, sounds, deities, dimensions and other subtle phenomenon.

The Chakra System has value for personal growth of the physical and spiritual self and is a great use in healing therapy.

The seven major chakras or levels are proportional to the possible number of planes in a similar ratio to the seven colors of the rainbow, seven notes of harmonic scale, and the spectrum of electromagnetic waves. The chakras are the vibrations that we can perceive with our present 'equipment' just as the colors of the rainbow are all that we can perceive with the naked eye. There is more than our eyes or mind can comprehend.

The chakras are in constant interplay and can only be separated intellectually.

The chakras can be opened through various exercises, through meditations, acupuncture points, bio-feedback, Reiki initiations, alternative healing methods, and general understanding, thus leading to a more profound state of consciousness which anyone can obtain.

To understand the Chakra System, helps one to understand the cause and effect of all that we experience within the body. It is a system of self healing and self mastery by understanding the microcosm of man and the macrocosm of the Universe of God/dess.

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Kundalini center.

Throughout the ancient world in history and myth, the root chakra has been associated with dragons and snakes. Dragon is a symbol for the Kundalini Cobra's fire energy.

Sanskrit name Muladhara
Meaning Root/support
Location Base of the spine, Perineum
Color Red, black
Sound-tone O as in rope
Musical note C
Seed sound Lam
Element Earth
Sense Smell
Sephira Malkuth
Planets Saturn, Earth
Metal Lead
Yoga path Hatha
Lotus petals four--vam, sam, sam, sam
Herbs for incense Cedar, patchouli
Function Grounding, survival, manifestation
Chief operating force Gravity
Verb I have
Symbolisms four red petals, yellow square, downward pointing triangle, Shiva lingam around which Kundalini is coiled three and one half times, white elephant, eight arrows outward. Above the bija (seed syllable) is the Child Brahma, and the Shakti Dakini.
Balanced energy Centered, grounded, healthy, love of life, unlimited physical energy, manifesting abundance of good.
Excessive energy Egoistic, domineering, greedy, sadistic, sexual energy focused at genitals
Deficient energy Lack of confidence, weak, unachiever toward goals, hate life, suicidal, weak energy, distant-introverted, lack of sex drive, masochistic.
Illness Drug addiction, obesity,hemorrhoids, constipation, sciatica, anemia, cancer of lower extremities ,degenerative arthritis, anorexia nervosa, knee problems, heart disease, gynecological problems, aids, herpes, candida.
Glands/organs Adrenals, kidneys, spinal column, colon, legs, bones
Gems/Minerals Ruby, garnet, bloodstone, red jasper, black tourmaline, obsidian, smoky quartz
Foods Protein, meats
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Sanskrit name Svadhisthana
Meaning Sweetness
Location 1-2 inches below navel, genitals, womb
Color Orange
Sound-tone Oo as in due
Musical note D
Seed sound Vam
Element Water
Sense Taste
Sephira Yesod
Planets Moon
Metal Tin
Yoga path Tantra
Lotus Petals Six
Incense Orris root, gardenia, damiana, ylang ylang
Function Desire, pleasure, sexuality, procreation
Chief operating force Attraction of opposites
Verb I feel
Symbolism Crescent moon, chalice and blade, yoni, vulva, vesica Piscis, equal armed cross, circle.
Balanced energy Concern for others, friendly, sense of belonging, intuitive, clairsentient, compassion, creative
Excessive energy Emotionally explosive, overly ambitious, manipulative, caught up in illusions, overindulgent, overly sexual thoughts--see sex in most everything
Deficient energy Shy, timid, immobilized by fear, overly sensitive, self negating, guilt, clinging sexual energy, guilty about having sex, abused, frigid or impotent.
Illness Kidney-bladder-uterine weakness, constipation, muscle cramps, lower back problems, lack of energy, allergies, repression and inhibition, loss of weight
Glands/organs Ovaries, testicles, womb, genitals, kidney, bladder, circulatory system, prostrate, spleen, skin
Gems/Minerals Carnelian, coral, amber, other orange stones
Foods Liquids, citrus fruits
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Sanskrit Name Manipura
Meaning Lustrous Gem
Location Solar plexus , below breastbone
Color Yellow-Sunflower
Sound-tone Ah as in father (AUM)
Musical note E
Seed sound Ram
Element Fire
Sense Sight
Sephiroth Hod, Netzach
Planets Mars, Sun
Metal Iron
Yoga path Tai chi, Qi Gong
Lotus petals Ten
Incense Carnation, cinnamon, marigold, ginger
Function Will, power
Chief operating force Combustion
Verb I can
Symbolisms Ten petals of blue, downward triangle with Hindu solar crosses (svastikas). At the base is a running ram. circle with dot, astrology symbol of mercury
Balanced energy Outgoing, cheerful, self-respect, respect others, centered in personal power, intelligent, skillful, relaxed, spontaneous, expressive, ready for new challenges, enjoy life
Excessive energy Judgmental, workaholic, perfectionist, sexually inhibited, egoistic, lack of emotional warmth
Deficient energy Depressed, lack of confidence, worry about what others think, confused, poor digestion, afraid of being alone, insecurity, undecisive, need of constant reassurance, jealous, distrustful.
Illness Digestive problems, gas, food allergies, liver problems, diabetes, hypoglycemia, ulcers, gall stones, muscle cramps, spasm, depression, breathing difficulties
Glands/organs Pancreas, adrenals, digestive system, muscles, diaphragm, skin, stomach, gall bladder, liver
Gems/Minerals Citrine, gold topaz, amber, tiger eye, gold calcite, gold
Foods Starches
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Sanskrit name Anahata
Meaning Unstruck
Location Heart
Color Green or pink
Sound-tone Ay (play)
Musical note F (new thought-F#)
Seed sound Lam
Element Air
Sense Touch
Sephira Tiphareth
Planets Venus
Metal Copper
Yoga path Bhakti yoga
Lotus petals Twelve
Incense Lavender, jasmine, orris root, yarrow, marjoram, meadowsweet, eucalyptus
Function Love
Chief operating force Equilibrium
Verb I love
Symbolisms Twelve petals, within which is a six point star. In the center is Shiva lingam within a downward triangle (trikuna) within the seed symbol, yam. Depicted are Isvara, God of Unity, and Shakti Kakini. At the base of the star runs an antelope, symbol of freedom., heart, Egyptian ab, scales
Balanced energy Compassionate, empathetic, humanitarian, see good in everyone and thing, nurturing, in touch with feelings, outgoing happiness
Excessive energy Demanding, overly critical, possessive, moody, melodramatic, manic-depressive, controlling of others, martyr, conditional love-"I love you if", withhold love to get a desired behavior-"show me you love me"
Deficient energy Paranoid, feel sorry for self, indecisive, not letting go, fear of freedom, unworthy , rejection fears, need of constant reassurance.
Illness Heart troubles, heart attack, high blood pressure, negativity, fatigue, breathing difficulties, tension, insomnia, anger, paranoia, cancer
Glands/organs Heart, lungs, immune system, thymus, lymph, arms, hands
Gems/minerals Emerald, tourmaline, rose quartz, malachite, jade, adventurine
Foods Iron enriched foods--greens, salads
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Sanskrit name Visuddha
Meaning Purification
Location Throat
Color Blue
Sound-tone Eee
Musical note G (new thought G#)
Seed sound Ham
Element Sound-Ether
Sense Hearing
Sephiroth Geburah, Chesed
Planets Mercury, Neptune
Metal Mercury
Yoga path Mantra yoga
Lotus petals Sixteen, all the Sanskrit vowels
Incense Frankincense, benzoin
Function Communication, creativity (words of power)
Chief operating force Sympathetic vibration
Verb I speak
Symbolisms Downward triangle, within which is a white circle, thought to represent the full moon. In the circle is a white elephant, over which is the Bija symbol, ham. The deities in the lotus are Sadasiva-a three-eyed, five-faced, ten-armed form of Shiva, seated on a white bull, clothed in a tiger skin with garland of snakes. The Goddess is Gauri, shining one, consort of Shiva, thought by some to be a corn goddess. Gauri is also the name of a class of goddesses which includes Uma, Parvati, Rambha, Totala, and Tripura.
Balanced energy Contentment, centered, live in present, sense of timing, good speaker, artistic, mind and words match, clear voice, truth speaking.
Excessive energy Arrogant, self-righteous, not listening, talkative, dogmatic, addictive, macho sexual energy,
Deficient energy Scared, timid, holding back, quiet, inconsistent, unreliable, weak, devious nature, manipulative, hard to express thoughts, cant' relax sexual energy, conflict with religious upbringing, may be afraid of sex.
Illness Communication and/or speech problems, knowledge used unwisely, ignorance, lack of discernment, thyroid and immune system problems, sore throat, stiff neck, colds, hearing problems
Glands/organs Thyroid, parathyroid, neck, shoulders, arms, hands, throat, mouth, teeth
Gems/Minerals Turquoise, chrysocolla, blue topaz, aquamarine
Foods fruits
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Sanskrit name Ajna
Meaning To know, to perceive, to command
Location Center of head at eye level. The energy flows out the base of the neck in back, in front it flows out at the third eye-brow level.
Color Indigo
Sound-tone om
Musical note A
Seed sound OM
Element Light
Sense thought
Sephira Binah, Chokmah
Planets Jupiter
Metal Silver
Yoga path Yantra Yoga
Lotus petals Two
Incense Mugwort, star anise, acacia, saffron
Function Seeing, intuition
Chief operating force
Verb I see
Symbolisms Two white petals around a circle, within which is a golden triangle pointing downward (trikuna) containing the lingam, and the seed sound om; In the pericarp, the Shakti, Hakini, with six red faces and six arms, seated on a white lotus; above her, a crescent moon, the Bindu dot of manifestation. Shiva in the form of lightning flashes.
Balanced energy Charismatic, able to receive guidance, non attachment to material, no fear of death, master of self,
Excessive energy Egomaniac, proud, manipulative, religiously dogmatic, authoritarian
Deficient energy Non assertive, undisciplined, oversensitive to the feelings of others, afraid of success, schizophrenic, unable to discern between ego self and Higher self
Malfunction Blindness, headaches, nightmares, eyestrain, blurred vision, confusion, mental illness, lack of clarity, psychic exhaustion
Glands/organs Pineal, pituitary, brain, eyes, ears, nose
Gems/Minerals Lapis lazuli, sodalite, quartz, sapphire
Foods Mind altering substances, almonds, apples
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Sanskrit name Sahasrara
Meaning Thousandfold
Location top of head
Color violet
Sound-tone ngngngn (like in sing)
Musical note B
Seed sound none
Element Thought
Sense ethereal knowing
Sephira Kether
Planets Uranus
Metal Gold
Yoga path Jnana yoga, or meditation
Lotus petals 1000
Incense Lotus, gotu kola
Function connection to Cosmic Intelligence
Chief operating force no thing
Verb I know
Symbolisms Within Sahasrara is the full moon, without the mark of the hare, resplendent as in a clear sky. It sheds its rays in profusion, and is moist and cool like nectar. Inside it, constantly shining like lightning, is the triangle, and inside this shines the Great Void which is served in secret by all the Suras
Balanced energy Miracle worker, transcend the laws of nature, total access to the unconscious and subconscious
Excessive energy Constant sense of frustration, unrealized power, psychotic, depressed, migraines, destructive, sexual expression is sometimes passionate-sometimes distant
Deficient energy No joy, catatonic, can't make decision
Malfunction Stress, worry, hysteria,alienation, confusion, boredom, apathy, inability to learn or comprehend, migraines
Glands/organs Pituitary, pineal, nervous system, brain, cerebral cortex, right eye
Gems/Minerals Amethyst, diamond, sugilite, purple flourite,quartz
Foods Fasting