One difference between the Middle Ages and modern times is found in
the roles which magic played in many areas of Medieval life, which are
now largely divided between science and religion. This course will
examine magic in the Medieval world from a variety of scholarly points
of view (cultural history, anthropology, sociology, religious studies,
archeo- logy, folklore, history of science and medicine, philology).
Topics include the sources of Medieval magic, its historical
development, its forms and functions, its treatment under Medieval
law, the archeology of Medieval magic, Medieval magic during the
Renaissance, and the mod- ern survival of Medieval magic.

WILL BE HELD AT AROUND 50 STUDENTS. The special form for requesting
permission to enroll may be obtained from Professor Mathiesen (Marston
Hall, room 205) or from Mrs. Cramer (The Annmary Brown Memorial). It
must be returned to Mrs. Cramer by NOVEMER 15. Students who have re-
turned this form will be notified by NOVEMBER 30 (thorugh campus mail)
whether they have been granted permission to enroll.

* * *

University Course 82 Robert Mathiesen
MWF 12:00-12:50 p.m. Spring, 1992/3

Magic in the Middle Ages


1. Magic, Religion, Science, Technology, Medicine
W. [Administrative matters]
F. Kieckhefer (Magic): ch. 1-2
Cavendish: prologue, ch. 1
[Also of interest: Tambiah (Magic): ch. 1-4]

2. Magic before the Middle Ages: Classical
M. Luck (Arcana): pp. 3-60, 135-140-3
W. Luck (Arcana): pp. 163-75, 229-60, 309-21, 361-66
Betz: pp. xli-lviii
F. Neusner et al.: ch. 8 (Luck)
[Also of interest: Eliade]

FIRST PAPER due on Friday of Week 2

3. Magic before the Middle Ages: Early Christian
M. Smith: ch. 4-5; skim ch. 1-3
W. Smith: ch. 6-8
F. Neusner et al.: ch. 6 (Garrett)
[Also of interest: Neusner et al.: ch. 5 (Kee); Hull; Morgan;

4. History of Medieval Magic: Low Middle Ages
M. Kieckhefer (Magic): ch. 3-4
Cavendish: ch. 2
W. Flint: ch. 8-9
F. Neusner et al.: ch. 7 (Jolly)

5. History of Medieval Magic: High Middle Ages
M. [No class]
W. Kieckhefer (Magic): ch. 5
Trachtenberg: ch. 1-2, 7-10
F. Kieckhefer (Magic): ch. 6-7
Flowers: pt. 1
M. Thomas: ch. 1-3, 7-9
[Also of interest: Thomas: other chapters; Trachtenberg:
other chapters]

SECOND PAPER due on Friday of Week 5

6. The Archeology of Medieval Magic
W. Merrifield: ch. 1, 4-5; skim ch. 2-3
F. Merrifield: ch. 6-8
[Also of interest: Burl]

7. Renaissance Transformations of Medieval Magic
M. Cavendish: ch. 3
Waite: pt. 1, ch. 1-4
W. Thomas: ch. 10-12
Waite: pt. 2, ch. 1-3, 5-7, 9
F. Mathers (Key)
Crowley (Goetia)
[Also of interest: Neusner et al.: ch. 4 (Idel); Merkel &
Debus: ch. 3 (Idel), 4 (Copenhaver); Mathers (Abramelin);

8. The Crime of Magic in Ancient, Medieval and Renaissance Law
M. Kieckhefer (Magic): ch. 8
Peters: ch. 1-2
W. Peters: ch. 3-4
Thomas: ch. 21-22
F. Peters: ch. 5-6
Neusner et al.: ch. 9 (Ben-Yehuda)
[Also of interest: Thomas: ch. 14-18; Kittredge: ch. 17-18;
Kieckhefer (Trials); Ankarloo & Henningsen}

9. Magic and the Medieval Charlatan
M. Scot: books XIII-XIV
W. Houdini: ch. 2-3, 5, 7-8
[Also of interest: Siegel: esp. scene 1]

Spring recess

10. Folkloric Survivals of Medieval Magic
M. Leland (Gypsy): pref.; ch. 1-4; skim ch. 5-8
W. Leland (Gypsy): ch. 9-10, 15-16; skim ch. 13-14
Leland (Etruscan): introd.; bk. 1, ch. 10; bk. 2,
ch. 1, 3-4
F. Randolph: ch. 1, 4, 6-9, 12-13
[Also of interest: Kittredge; Ginzburg; Hand]

11. The Forms and Functions of Medieval Magic
M. Tambiah (Culture): ch. 1-2, 4
W. Flowers: pt. 2
F. Scot: book X, ch. 7-8; books XII, XV
[Also of interest: Tambiah (Magic): ch. 1-4; Bonewits: ch.
1, 4, 7]

12. Survivals of Medieval Magic in Neo-Paganism?
M. Cavendish: ch. 4
W. Leland (Aradia): introd.; pref.; ch. 1-7, 15; appendix
(pp. 101-120 only)
Kelly (Crafting): introd.; ch. 1-2, 4, 6, 8
Rose: ch. 10
F. Kelly (Crafting): ch. 3, 5
Farrar: vol. 1, introd.; ch. 1-3, 10; vol. 2, ch. 1-5
[Also of interest: Thorsson (3 titles); Kelly (Neo-Pagan
Witchcraft); Luhrmann; Hutton]

13. How Far Did Medieval Magic Work, and Why?
M. Leland (Gypsy): ch. 11-12I
Seabrook: foreword; pt. 1; pt. 3, ch. 1, 5-7; with notes to
the assigned chapters in pt. 4
Leland (Will): skim only
W. Neher: introd., ch. 1-5, 8; skim ch. 6-7, 9
F. Luhrmann: ch. 1, 9, 13-17
Achterberg: introd.; ch. 1-2; skim ch. 3-6
[Also of interest: Bonewits; Crowley (Book Four; Magick in
Theory and Practice)]

FINAL PAPER due on Friday of Week 13

14. Retrospect on the Course
M. Luhrmann: ch. 18-20
W. Luhrmann: ch. 21-23
F. Tambiah (Magic): chs. 1-4
Neusner et al.: ch. 10 (Sharot)
[Also of interest: Tambiah (Culture): ch. 1-2, 4; Mauss &
Hubert; O'Keefe; Neusner et al.: ch. 1 (Penner)]

FINAL EXAMINATION on Friday, May 14, 9:00 am - 12 n

*** Book List ***

Jeanne Achterberg.
Imagery in Healing: Shamanism and Modern medicine.
Boston & London: Shambhala, 1985.

Bengt Ankarloo & Gustav Henningsen, edd.
Early Modern European Witchcraft: Centres and Peripheries.
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990.

Hans Dieter Betz, ed.
The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation, Including the Demotic Spells.
Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press, 1986.

Isaac Bonewits.
Real Magic: An Introductory Treatise on the Basic Principles of Yellow
Magic. Revised ed.
York Beach, ME: Samuel Weiser, 1989.

Aubrey Burl.
Rites of the Gods.
London: J. M. Dent, 1981.

Richard Cavendish.
A History of Magic.
London: Arkana, 1987.

Aleister Crowley.
Book Four
York Beach, ME: Samuel Weiser, 1989.

Aleister Crowley.
Magick in Theory and Practice.
New York: Magickal Childe, 1990.

Aleister Crowley.
The Book of the Goetia of Solomon the King
New York: Magickal Childe, 1989.

Mircea Eliade.
Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy. Transl. by W. R. Trask.
(Bollingen Series, LXXVI.)
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964.

Janet & Stewart Farrar.
A Witches Bible Compleat.
New York: Magickal Childe, 1981 & 1984.

Valerie I. J. Flint.
The Rise of Magic in Early Medieval Europe.
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Stephen Flowers.
The Galdrabok: An Icelandic Grimoire.
York Beach, ME: Samuel Weiser, 1989.

Carlo Ginzburg.
Ecstasies: Deciphering the Witches' Sabbath.
New York: Pantheon Books, 1991.

Wayland D. Hand.
Magical Medicine: The Folkloric Component of Medicine in the Folk
Belief, Custom, and Ritual of the Peoples of Europe and America.
Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1980.

Harry Houdini.
Houdini on Magic.
New York: Dover, 1953.

John M. Hull.
Hellenistic Magic and the Synoptic Tradition.
(Studies in Biblical Theology, 2nd series, vol. 28.)
Naperville, IL: Allenson, 1974.

Aidan A. Kelly.
Crafting the Art of Magic, Book I: A History of Modern Witchcraft,
St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1991.

Aidan A. Kelly, ed.
Neo-Pagan Witchcraft. 2 vols.
(Cults and New Religions: Sources for Study of Nonconventional Religious
Groups in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century America, ed. by J. Gordon
Melton, vols. 22-23.)
New York & London: Garland Publishing, 1990.

Richard Kieckhefer.
Magic in the Middle Ages.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Richard Kieckhefer.
European Witch Trials: Their Foundations in Popular and Learned
Culture, 1300-1500.
Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1976.

George Lyman Kittredge.
Witchcraft in Old and New England.
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1929.

Charles Godfrey Leland.
Aradia, or the Gospel of the Witches. [Reprint.]
Custer, WA: Phoenix Publishing, 1990.

Charles Godfrey Leland.
Etruscan Roman Remains in Popular Tradition.
London: T. F. Unwin, and New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1892.

Charles Godfrey Leland.
Gypsy Sorcery and Fortune Telling. [Reprint.]
New York: Citadel, 1991.

Charles Godfrey Leland.
The Mystic Will. [Reprint.]
Chicago: Yogi Publication Society, n.d.

Georg Luck.
Arcana Mundi: Magic and Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds.
Baltimore & London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

T. M. Luhrmann.
Persuasions of the Witch's Craft: Ritual Magic in Contemporary England.
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989.

S. Liddell MacGregor Mathers.
The Key of Solomon the King. [Reprint.]
York Beach, ME: Samuel Weiser, 1989.

S. Liddell MacGregor Mathers.
The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage. [Reprint.]
New York: Dover, 1975.

Marcel Mauss [& H. Hubert.]
A General Theory of Magic. Transl. by Robert Brain [from French].
London & Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1972.

Ingrid Merkel & Allen G. Debus.
Hermeticism and the Renaissance: Intellectual History and the Occult
in Early Modern Europe.
Washington, DC: The Folger Shakespeare Library, 1988.

Ralph Merrifield.
The Archaeology of Ritual and Magic.
New York: New Amsterdam Books, 1987.

Michael A. Morgan, translator.
Sepher Ha-Razim: The Book of Mysteries.
(Society of Biblical Literature, Texts and Translations, no. 25 [=
Pseudepigrapha Series, no. 11].)
Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1983.

Andrew Neher.
The Psychology of Transcendence. 2nd ed.
New York: Dover, 1990.

Jacob Neusner, Ernest S. Frerichs & Paul Virgil McCracken Flesher.
Religion, Science, and Magic in Concert and in Conflict.
New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Daniel Lawrence O'Keefe.
Stolen Lightening: The Social Theory of Magic.
New York: Continuum, 1982.

Edward Peters.
The Magician, the Witch and the Law.
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1978.

Vance Randolph.
Ozark Magic and Folklore. [Reprint.]
New York: Dover, 1964.

Elliot Rose.
A Razor for a Goat: A Discussion of Certain Problems in the History
of Witchcraft and Diabolism.
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1962.

Reginald Scot.
The Discoverie of Witchcraft. [Originally published in 1584.]
New York: Dover, 1972.

William Seabrook.
Witchcraft: Its Power in the World Today.
New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1940.

Lee Siegel.
Net of Magic: Wonders and Deceptions in India.
Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Morton Smith.
Jesus the Magician.
San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1978.

Stanley Jeyaraja Tambiah.
Culture, Thought, and Social Action: An Anthropological Perspective.
[Reprinted articles.]
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985.

Stanley Jeyaraja Tambiah.
Magic, Science, Religion, and the Scope of Rationality.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Keith Thomas.
Religion and the Decline of Magic.
New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1971.

Lynn Thornd**e.
A History of Magic and Experimental Science. 8 volumes.
New York: CVolumbia University Press, 1923-1958.

Edred Thorsson.
Futhark: A Handbook of Runic Magic.
York Beach, ME: Samuel Weiser, 1984.

Edred Thorsson.
Runelore: A Handbook of Esoteric Runology.
York Beach, ME: Samuel Weiser, 1987.

Edred Thorsson.
At the Well of Wyrd: A Handbook of Runic Divination.
York Beach, ME: Samuel Weiser, 1988.

Joshua Trachtenberg.
Jewish Magic and Superstition. [Reprint.]
New York: Macmillan (Atheneum), 1970.

Arthur Edward Waite.
The Book of Ceremonial Magic. [Reprint.]
Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press, 1961.