Aegir is the Scandinavian God of the sea. Sacrifices were made to appease him,
as Sailors believed that Aegir would drag men and ships down to his undersea hall.
Aegir married Ran, the Goddess of storms, and ruler of the realm of the dead.
Aegir was known for great banquets where he entertained the other Scandinavian Gods;
it was during one of these banquests that Loki killed him.
Aine na gClair:
Aine na gClair, pronounced aw-ne, is identified with the Goddess Anu in Ireland.
Aine na gClair was worshipped on Midsummer's Eve in County Limerick at a hill
called Cnoc Aine. The worshippers would carry torches of hay and straw. After
invoking her they would return to their field and pastures to wave the torches
over the crops and livestock. Aine na gClair is revered among Irish herbalists and
healers and is said to be responsible for the body's life force; to this end,
no blood letting was allowed on the Friday, Saturday and Sunday before
Angus Mac Og:
Angus Mac Og, (aka Angus Mac Oc, Angus of the Brugh, Oengus of the Bruig)
is the Irish God of youth, love and beauty.
Amen-Re is an Egyptian fusion of the Gods Amun and Re.
Amun, (aka Amon) is the Egyptian creater God of Thebes and fertility.
He is associated with rams and geese.
Anu, pronounced an-oo, (aka Anann, Dana, Dana-Ana) is the Irish Goddess of plenty
and is the maiden aspect of the Morrigu.
She is the Mother-Earth Goddess and the flowering fertility Goddess.
Anubis is the Egyptian God of embalming. He is associated with the dog or jackal.
Aphrodite is the Greek Goddess of Passion and sexual love, and womanly beauty.
Said to have been born of sea-foam; her name means "laughter loving".
Apollo is the Roman God of light, intellect, the arts, healing and prophecy.
Apollon is the Greek God of light, reason, inspiration, prophecy, the arts,
healing and oracles. He is identified with the sun, and his Roman counterpart
Arachne is the Greek spider Goddess, who is the weaver of fate.
Ares is the Greek God of war. He is also called 'the shield-piercer' and [the]
'sacker of towns".
Arianrhod, pronounced ari-an-rod, is the Mother aspect of the Triple Goddess in Wales.
Her palace is Caer Arianrhod (the Aurora Borealis). Arianrhod is the keeper of the
circling "Silver Wheel of Stars", which is a symbol of both time and karma.
This wheel was also known as the Oar Wheel, a ship which carrried dead
warriors to the Moon-land (Emania). Arianrhod was married to Nwtvre ("Sky of Firmament"),
but is the mother of Llue Llaw Gyffes and Dylan by her brother Gwydion.
Invoke Arianrhod to promote fertility, Beauty, and reincarnation.
Artemis, the Huntress, is the Greek Moon Goddess. She is shown often with a Deer as a
companion and carried a bow and quiver of arrows. She is also the deity of wild places,
groves and ponds
Astarte, (aka Ashtoreth, Ashtaroth, Ashtart, Ishtar) is the general
Greek Fertility Goddess as well as the Goddess of love, war and
the planet Venus. She is usually depicted as being naked, wearing a
lapis-lazuli necklace and carrying a spear or a bow. Sometimes she is shown
with crescent-Moon horns; and sometimes she is shown walking on a lion.
Astrild is a Scandinavian Goddess of love.
Aten is the Sun God of Egypt.
Athena (aka Athene) is the Greek Goddess of War as well as the Greek Goddess
of Wisdom. She is the daughter of the Greek God Zeus and Metis.
Athena is depicted as a strong woman in full armour. Her breast-plate symbolizes
earned wisdom, and her helment, the protection of knowledge.
Athena is the Greek patron of craftsmen and the protector of cities.
Atum is the Creater God of Heliopolis Egypt, where he was merged with Re.
His sacred animal was the Mnevis bull.
Bacchus, (aka Bakchos) is the Roman name for the Greek God Dionysos.
Bacchus is the orgiastic deity of the Bacchanalia. His phallic staff (Thyrsus)
is crowned by a pine cone which represents wisdom and inspiration.
Badb, (aka Badhbh, Badb, Catha, Cauth Bodva(Gaul)) is the Irish War Goddess
and wife to the War God Net. She is the Mother Aspect of
the Triple Goddess in Ireland.
Invoke Badb for life, wisdom, inspiration, and enlightenment.
Balder, (aka Baldr, Baldur) is called the "Good God" in Scandinavian mythology.
Baldur is the God of joy, light, beauty, innocence, purity, and reconciliation.
His parents are Odin and Frigg. Much loved by the Gods as well as man, Baldur was
friendly, wise and eloquent. He was not a very powerful God, but was certainly one
of the most loved. His wife is Nanna, and their son is Forseti (Fosite
in Teutonic lore), the God of justice. (Nanna's father is the giant and star-hero Ivalde)
Saxo Grammaticus wrote of Baldr as a warrior who contested with Hödhr to win Nanna.
several walkyrige, Hödhr gets a magick sword to kill Baldr, as well as
an arm-ring to bring him wealth. He meets up with several
forest-maidens (the walkyrige) and convinces them to let him to taste
the magical food they are preparing for Baldr. This food was the source
of Baldr's strength. Now being of equal strength as Baldr, he defeated
and mortally wounded him. In Saxo's story, Baldr has a dream where the
Goddess Proserpine promises her love to him. Odhinn uses magick and
trickery to get a son by Rindr, to get revenge on Hödhr. This son was
called Bous, and he killed Hödhr, even though he was but one night old.
The legends in the Edda tell us that:
everything that Baldur stood for and plotted his death. During this
time, Baldur had a dream, which he confided to his mother, Frigg.
went around getting oaths from all things that they would not harm her
son... all things, except the mistilteinn which was "too young" to give
its oath; so no promise was secured from it. Once Frigga had insured
her son's life, the rest of the Gods amused themselves by throwing
things at Balder. Baldur was killed when Loki directed the hand of
Baldur's blind (twin) brother, Hod, (Hödhr, Hother, Hoder) in throwing
a mistilteinn dart (fig), which struck him in the heart. Nanna, died of
a broken heart. Hod was killed by his and Baldur's half-brother, Vali,
who was born to Odin and his mistress, the giant Rand, to avenge
legends say mistilteinn which was "pulled from the ground", not
mistletoe, which is a parasitic plant which grows on trees. Mistletoe
was certainly sacred to the ancient Druids and Norsemen; and perhaps it
is because of this, that the yet unidentified mistilteinn was
transformed into mistletoe.
Bastet) is the Egyptian Goddess of Bubastis. Her sacred animal is the
cat. Bast symbolizes the moon, as a swelling womb. She is also the
Egyptian Goddess of pleasure, music, dancing and joy.
Bes is the Egyptian God of luck, love, marriage and music. He is represented as being a bandy legged, pot bellied dwarf.
pronounced blod-oo-eeth, (aka Blodwin, Blancheflor ("White Flower")) is
the Welsh maiden form of the Triple Goddess. Blodeuwedd was created by
Math & Gwydion to be a wife for Lleu. after plotting Lleu's death
and committing adultry, she was changed into an owl. Invoke Blodeuwedd
for wisdom, lunar mysteries, initiations and to cause your flowers to
Boannan, Boyne) is the Irish Goddess of the river Boyne, (in County
Meath), and the mother of Angus Mac Og by the Dagda. She was the wife
of Nechtán. Invoke Bóand for poetic inspiration and healing.
was a Scandinavian poet in the 9th century; but in later centuries, was
made a 'God' by other poets. He is called the God of eloquence and
poetry, and is the patron God of poets (skalds). Bragi has come to be
thought of as a son of Odin and Frigg. He is married to the
Scandinavian Goddess of eternal youth, Idun (Iduna).
had Runes carved on it and he is said to inspire poets by letting them
drink of the mead of poetry. Oaths are sworn over the 'Bragarfull'
("Cup of Bragi"), and toasts are drunk from it in honour of dead kings.
Branwen is a
Manx and Welsh Goddess of love and beauty. She is the sister of Bran
the Blessed and wife of the Irish King Matholwchh.
One"), pronounced breet, (aka Brid, Brig, Brigid, Brighid, Bree, Bres)
is an aspect of Danu, the Irish Great Goddess. There are three sister
Goddesses named Brigit in Ireland. As a Goddess of fire, Brigit is
associated with Imbolc. She is also a fertility Goddess and the keeper
of the Cauldron, chalice or bowl. Brigit is the matron of augury, and
healing as well as a teacher all feminine arts and crafts, as well as
the arts of smithing, forging, poetry, speaking, agriculture,
inspiration, learning, divination, prophecy, love, witchcraft, occult
knowledge and herbs. Brigit had an exclusive female priesthood in
County Kildare and a sacred, eternal flame. Brigit had nineteen
priestesses, as this represented the nineteen year cycle of the Celtic
"Great Year". Her kelles were purported to be sacred prostitutes and
her soldiers brigands.
Buto is the chief Egyptian Goddess of the Delta. She is associated with the snake.
called the Veiled One, is the Celtic Great Goddess in her Destroyer
aspect. She is invoked for disease, plague, cursing, and wheat.
Ceres is the Roman Goddess of agriculture and fertility. Her Greek counterpart is Demeter.
(aka Caridwen, Ceridwen) is the Welsh Moon, Grain and Nature Goddess;
she is also the Welsh Great Mother. Cerridwen is married to the giant
Tegid and is the mother of a beautiful girl, Creirwy and an ugly boy
Avagdu. In her magickal cauldron, she made a potion called greal; this
potion was made from six plants for inspiration and knowledge, and the
Bard Taliesin is said to have drank of it. Cerridwen's symbol is a
white sow. Invoke Cerridwen for rituals concerning death, fertility,
regeneration, inspiration, magick, astrology, herbs, science, poetry,
spells, and knowledge.
Shangó, Inquices: Nsasi, Insasi, Nkita, Nkitán Kitán,
Kanbaranguanje,Insancio, Mukiamamuilo, Zaze, Kibuco Kirbrico,
Kiassubangango, Nzage, Kambaranguanje ) is the Santería (Macumba, and
Kongo) Orisha of Courage, Truth and intelligence; as well as being the
Lord of fire, thunder, lightening, rain and (male) fertility. Changó is
identified with St. Barbara and St. Gerome of the Catholic faith. He is
wedded to Oya and they have nine children. His mother is Yemayah. He is
thought of being shrewd, smooth-talking, kingly, and a con-artist; he
is stimulated by challenge and he always wins against all odds. Shangó
is depicted in a double-headed dance wand headress, called the oshe
Sangó, and carries a double-headed axe which symbolizes his
preparedness, and courage. He also carries the phallic mortar, or odo,
in his right hand, and his totem animals are the black cat, quail and
tortoise. He embodies the value of truth, and demands a young rooster
(aka Cordelia, Creudylad)is the Welsh Goddess of summer flowers, and
love. She is the daughter of the sea God Llyr, and is connected with
Beltane and is often called the May Queen.
Kybele, Rhea) is the Greek Great Mother of the Gods. She is the leading
deity of the Greek mystery religions. Her Consort is Attis, whom is
also her grandson.
Cupid is the Roman God of love, attraction, and the son of Venus. His Greek counterpart is Eros.
The Dagda (aka
"The Rude Man Of Cerne") is the All-Powerful God of Ireland. The Dagda
is a god of immense strength and appetites. He was depicted wearing a
servant's garment, and carried a huge club. His phallus is erect. The
Dagda had a magick cauldron which rejuvenated all who petitioned it; it
was inexhaustible! At Samhain, The Dagda coupled with the Morrigan
invoking her fertility to bless the tribe in the new year. The "Rude
Man of Cerne" is a 220 foot carving into the chalk sub-surface in Cerne
Abbas, England. Women who wish to conceive claim that by spending the
night, lying within the chalk outline of his erect phallus will help
them, and their mate conceive a child.
Danann, Dana) is the major Irish Mother Goddess; Moon Goddess, as well
as an aspect of the Morrigu. She is the patroness of wizards, rivers,
water, wells, prosperity, magick, and wisdom;and is said to be the
ancestress of the Tuatha De Danann. Probably the same Goddess as Anu.
Demeter is the
Greek Earth-Mother Archtype, she is the Goddess of agriculture, crops
and all produce. She is invoked to insure an abundant harvest and also
Diana is the Roman Goddess of the hunt, moon, beasts and wild-areas. Her Greek counterpart is Artemis.
Diana Of Ephesus:
Diana Of Ephesus is the Amazon's multi-breasted Goddess of Heaven.
Dionysos (aka Dionysus) is the Greek God of ecstasy, wine and fertility.
Dis Pater is the Roman God of death and the underworld. His Greek counterparts are Hades and Plouton.
Domnu, Donn) is the Welsh Queen of the Heavens and Goddess of sea and
air, and is the equivalent of the Irish Goddess Danu, and ruled over
the Land of the Dead. Invoke Don for eloquence and control of the
meaning "Queen of the Druids", is the Celtic Fir Goddess and Mother of
the tree calender. Invoke Druantia for protection, knowledge,
creativity, fertility, passion, sexual activities, and trees.
"mercy", is a Scandinavian Goddess of healing with herbs. Eir taught
the use of healing herbs only to women, and was a handmaiden to Frigg.
Elaine is the Welsh and ancient Briton's maiden aspect of the Goddess.
Elegua, Eleggùa Inquices: Tata Elegua, Tata Tata Elegua, Tata Elegwa,
Nkuyu Nfinda,Tata Nkuyu, Tata Nfinda, Aluvaiá, Exu Pavena, Pombo-ngira,
Pambunguera, Pomba-gira, Bonbonjira, Tonã, Cubango Elegwa, Nkuyu
Nfinda, Tata Nkuyu, Tata Nfinda, Aluvaiá, Exu Pavena, Pombo-ngira,
Pambunguera, Pomba-gira, Bonbonjira, Tonã, Cubango) is a major warrior
Orisha of Santería (Macumba). He must be paid homage before any other
Santería (Macumba) Orisha, or he will cause great trouble to the
Santero. He is identified with St. Anthony of the Catholic faith, and
the voodoo god Legba. The sacrifice to Ellegguá is a small chicken.
Elli is the Scandinavian Goddess of old age. She bested Thor in a wrestling match.
Epona is the
Celtic Goddess of horses, fertility, maternity, protective of horses,
horse breeding, prosperity, dogs, healing, springs, crops.
is the Voodoo (Vodun, Vodou) protectress of abused women, as well as
the protector of newly consecrated Houngans and Mambos. She is
identified with the "Black St. Barbara".
Erzulie Freda is the Voodoo (Vodun, Vodou) lwa (aka loa or god/dess) of the moon and love. She can be compared to Venus.
Esus, (aka Cu Chulainn) is the horned and leaping Celtic guardian of cattle and beasts.
Faunus is the Roman God of woodlands. His Greek counterpart is Pan.
Freyja, Friia ) is called the most beautiful of the Scandinavian
Goddesses. She is a Goddess of love, sensuality, and fertility. She is
also the patron Goddess of crops and birth. Her father is Njörd; her
brother, Freyr. She married the God Od, (whom is thought to be another
form of Odin.) When Od disappeared, Freya's tears turned to gold. She
has a human lover, named Ottar, who goes in disguise as Hildesvini
Freya is also
the Queen of the Valkyeries. Her palace is Folkvang ("field of folk")
and her hall is Sessrumnir. Freya takes half of the slain warriors and
all women. Freya's magickal items are: the necklace of the Brisings
("Brisingamen"), the falcon cloak (a magickal cloak of bird feathers,
which causes its wearer to change into a falcon), a chariot pulled by
two cats, and cat-skin gloves. Freya is invoked for love, war and
witchcraft. The boar is symbolic of prosperity, vitality and ceremonial
feasting for both the Norse and Celts.
Frey (Norse), Frea (Anglo-Saxon), Froh (German), Frodi (Danish), Yngvi)
is called the "God of the World". He is the Scandinavian God of sun and
rain, peace and war, and the patron of a bountiful harvest. He is the
son of Njörd, and the brother of Freya. He married the beautiful
giantess Gerd. Freyr rides in a chariot which is pulled by the golden
boar Gullinbursti. He also owns the ship Skidbladnir ("wooden-bladed"),
and owns a magick, phallic sword which unsheathes itself and wreaks
havoc on the field of battle.
called "beautiful", and will be the first to die at Ragnarok. Freyr is
invoked for peace and prosperity as well as the releasing of fetters.
Frigg, (aka Frig, Frigga) is the wife of Odin and the mother of Baldur, Hod, Hermod and (honourarily) Bragi.
She is the
Scandinavian Goddess of love and fertility and is the patron Goddess of
marriage and motherhood. It is believed that she knows; but will not
reveal, the destiny of everyone.
Frigg's magickal item is the distaff and she is invoked for maritalfidelity and childbirth.
(pronounced guy-uh) is the deified earth. Although Gaia is thought of
as a New Age goddess, the person who created the concept in 1973 never
intended for that to happen.
Geb is the Egyptian God of the Earth in Heliopolis.
Gefjon) is an ancient Scandinavian vegetation and fertility Goddess.
Gefion is the patron Goddess of virgins and a bringer of good luck and
prosperity. She is married to King Skjold. In legend, she is the
ancestress of the Swedish kings. It is said that any maiden which dies
a virgin, will become her servant. Gefion's symbol is the plough.
Gerd, (aka Gerda) is a Scandinavian earth Goddess. She reluctantly married Freyr, the Scandinavian God of sun and rain.
Gran Met is the Voodoo (Vodun, Vodou) all knowing, all powerful, if remote "Great God".
Hades is the Greek God of the underworld and death. He is a brother of Zeus, but did not live on Olympos.
Hapi is the
Egyptian personification of the river Nile. He is shown with a crown of
water plants, such as the lotus or the papyrus.
Harpokrates is the child portrayal of the Egyptian God Horus.
Hathor is the cow-eared Goddess of joy and love in Egypt. Her mate is Horus.
Hekate) is the original representation of the holy trinity. The
Christian tradition demonized her as the queen of witches; and created
an evil image of her to obscure her importance to the agrarian
societies of medieval Europe as a source of healing magic. She is the
crone aspect of the moon. Invoke Hecate for wisdom, healing, and
Heimdallr (Old Norse), Heimdal, Gullintani ("gold tooth"), Rígr (Rig)
(Edda; meaning "ruler"), Heimdallr (Old Norse)) is the Scandinavian God
of light, the guardian of the rainbow bridge; and was born at the end
of the world to nine mothers (daughters of the giant, Geirrendour ).
His hall is Himinbjorg, "the Cliffs of Heaven", and his horse is
Gulltop. Heimdall's magickal horn is the Gjallarhorn (Gjall). Heimdall
has acute hearing and is said to be able to even hear grass growing. It
is Heimdall who will kill Loki at Ragnarok; but he himself will die of
his wounds. As Rig, Heimdall created the three races of mankind.
Heimdall is invoked for protection and teaching.
Hel is the
Scandinavian Goddess who ruled the realm of the dead in the north.
(Eljudnir is her hall in Helheim, where she distributes those dead who
were wicked or died of sickness or old age.) Her parents are Loki and
his mistress the giantess Angrboda.
Hera is the Greek Goddess of marriage and all phases of a woman's life. She is both sister and wife to Zeus.
Hermes is the
Greek God of commerce and the herald and messenger to the Greek Gods.
He often escorted the dead to the underworld. He is principally a god
of boundaries, hence his designation as God of travelers (who cross
boundaries), thieves (who transgress boundaries) and psychopomp. Erect
phallus statues called "herms" guarded the boundaries of the ancient
Greek's home, and piles of rocks called "hermes" delineated land
boundaries. Hermes is an androgynous trickster God, often housed in the
same body as Aphrodite. Hermes can be compared to the Roman Mercury, as
well as to the Teutonic Gods, Teutatis and Woden.
Vesta) is a Greek Mother Goddess, her name means "Hearth". She is also
the Goddess of Household Harmony. Invoke Hestia for abundance in the
home, conception and general well-being. Hestia's consort is Pales; an
ass-god, and a symbol of fertility throughout the ancient world.
Hödhr, Hother, Hoder) was the Scandinavian God of darkness and winter,
and the blind twin brother of Baldur. Loki guided his hand in throwing
the mistilteinn dart, which killed Baldur. Hod was killed by his
half-brother Vali; whom who was born for revenge.
Grammaticus wrote of Baldr as a warrior who contested with Hödhr to win
Nanna. Warned by several walkyrige, Hödhr gets a magick sword to kill
Baldr, as well as an arm-ring to bring him wealth. He meets up with
several forest-maidens (the walkyrige) and convinces them to let him to
taste the magical food they are preparing for Baldr. This food was the
source of Baldr's strength. Now being of equal strength as Baldr, he
defeated and mortally wounded him. In Saxo's story, Baldr has a dream
where the Goddess Proserpine promises her love to him. Odhinn uses
magick and trickery to get a son by Rindr, to get revenge on Hödhr.
This son was called Bous, and he killed Hödhr, even though he was but
one night old.
Legend states that Hödr will be reborn after Ragnarok.
Horus is the
Egyptian God whom is identified with the ruler of Egypt. His parents
are Osiris and Isis and his sacred animal is the falcon.
Idun, Iduna), is the Scandinavian Goddess of eternal youth and the
keeper of the golden apples (of youth). She is also a Goddess of youth,
fertility, and death. Her father is the giant and star-hero Ivalde, and
her brother is Orvandil who was married to Sif.
Idun is always shown as a sweet and naive maiden.
She was once
rescued by Loki, when she was kidnapped by the storm giant Thiazi.
(Loki changed her into a nut, and carried her back to her hall.)
married to the mortal turned Scandinavian God, Bragi. Idun's magickal
items are apples, and she is invoked for longevity of life.
Imhotep is the
Egyptian God of healing. He was originally a real man, whom, was
elevated as a God. When alive, he was the builder of the step pyramid
Isis is the
Egyptian Mother Goddess. She is a Protectress of the home. Her mate is
Osiris. Isis is considered to be the ideal woman, wife and mother.
Invoke her for matters relating to the home and family.
Janus is the
Roman "two-faced" God of doorways and gates; entrances and exits.
Because of this, he is depicted as looking both forward and back at the
Jupiter is the Roman God of the sky, and is the father of gods and men, in Roman mythology. His Greek counterpart is Zeus.
Juno is the Roman Goddess of women and motherhood. She is wedded to Jupiter and her Greek counterpart is Hera.
(aka Cernunnos, Cernowain, Cernenus, Herne, Belatucadros, Vitiris, Hu
Gadarn) is the Celtic horned God of animals, woodlands, nature and the
underworld. He is a God of fertility. this ultra-male God is invoked
for virility, lust, reincarnation, crossroads, wealth, warriors and
Khepera (aka Khepri) is the rising sun in Egyptian myth. He is associated with the scarab beetle.
the potter, is the creater-god of Elephantine in Egypt. He created
mankind on his potter's wheel. Khnum is associated with the ram.
Khons (aka Khonsu, Khensu) is the Egyptian Moon God of Thebes. In later times, he is known as a God of healing.
Kore, (aka Persephone) is the Greek queen of the underworld. Her father is Zeus and her mother is Demeter, Zeus' sister.
Legba is the
Voodoo (Vodun, Vodou) lwa (aka loa or god/dess) of the sun and is the
chief god of the pantheon. Legba is also a lwa of communication, and
can be compared to Mercury or Hermes. To understand more of the lwa,
follow this hyper-link: Vodou
Liber is the Roman God of wild nature, fertility, ecstasy and wine. His Greek counterparts are Dionysos, and Bakchos.
Loki,(aka Logi ("wildfire"), Loge (German)) is the trickster of the Scandinavian pantheon.
consider him a psychological aspect of Odin, but mythology records him
as a son of the giant Farbauti and one of his wives, the giantess
(He is also foster-brother to Odin.) He was married to the faithful Sigyn.
To call Loki a
trickster is to malign the word. He is a malicious God who is pleasant
to look upon, but dangerous to meet up with.
Loki was the
father (with his mistress, Angrboda) of Hel, the Goddess who ruled the
realm of the dead in the north; as well as the Midgard Serpent,
(Jormungand) and the huge wolf Fenrir. Loki is the mother of Odin's
eight-legged charger, Sleipnir. (Loki had turned himself into a mare.)
Loki caused the death of the God Baldur (Balder) as well as the God
Aegir. For causing the death of Baldur; Loki was chained across three
boulders; and a poisonous snake was placed above his head. Loki's
faithful wife, Sigyn, holds a bowl over his face (to catch the dripping
venom). When she has to leave to empty the bowl; the venom falls on
Loki's face making him twist in pain. Scandinavian legend says that it
is Loki writhing in pain which causes earthquakes.
states that at the beginning of Ragnarok, Loki's chains will break and
he will lead the giants into battle against the Gods. Loki is invoked
for trickery and destruction.
pronounced loo or loog, (aka Luga, Lamhfada, Llew Llaw Gyffes, Lleu,
Lugos) is the Irish and Welsh God, and hero, of war. In Ireland he is
associated with ravens; in Wales, with a white stag. He is the son of
Cian and Ethniu. Lugh has a magick spear, rod-sling, and magickal
hounds. Lugh is a carpenter, mason, harper, smith, poet, Druid, and
physician. Invoke him in rituals for reincarnation, prophecy, healing
and revenge. Lugh's holiday is Lughnassadh.
Ma'at is the Egyptian Goddess of truth, justice and the order of the universe. Her symbol is the feather.
It is Maeve
(aka Medb) whom endows the Celtic sovereign with his powers. She is
also a Goddess of Earth fertility. Maeve rides in a wheeled chariot,
always in a sunwise direction. Maeve is also a Celtic War Goddess. Her
lover is Fergus.
Mars is the Roman God of war. His Greek counterpart is Ares.
Mercury is the Roman God of trade and communications. He was the Roman messenger to the gods. His Greek counterpart is Hermes.
Meshkent is the Egyptian Goddess of birth. She will be present at the great day of Judgement.
Metis, meaning "thought" is the Greek daughter of the Titan Okeanos. With Zeus, she is the parent of the Goddess Athena.
Minis is an
Egyptian God of fertility, and protector of roads and travellers. He is
shown with an erect phallus and is often identified with Horus.
Minerva is the Roman Goddess of crafts and wisdom. Her Greek counterpart is Athena.
associated, in Holland, with vegetation, dogs and the sea. She is
always portrayed with a basket of apples. (Apples being symbolic of
life and fertility; dogs with death.) Nehellenia was worshipped on the
Dutch Frisian island, Walcheren, (now a part of the provence of
Zealand). Nehellenia was invoked by sailors before they attempted to
cross the North Sea to England.
Neptune is the Roman God of the sea. His Greek counterpart is Poseidon.
Njöror (old Norse)) is the Scandinavian God of winds, sea and fire, as
well as the patron of "all riches". One of the functions of Njörd is to
reconcile people. Njörd carried a magickal Axe.
Njörd brought good fortune to sailors as well as for those in the hunt.
He was married to the giantess Skadi. His children are Freya and Freyr,
whom he fathered by Nerthus who was reputed to be his sister. Njörd had
a large following in Uppsala, Sweden. Njörd is invoked for prosperity.
Nut is the Egyptian Goddess of the sky.
Obtala) is identified with the Virgin Mary as "Our Lady of Mercy", in
Santería. In the Ifá Creation myth, Obatala came down from Heaven to
the Earth with a sea-shell, guinea hen, sand and ikin. Obatalá poured
the sand on the waters, and dropped the hen on the earth. The hen
scratched the sand and created earth's first land mass. Obatalá
embodies the value of ethics and symbolizes reason.
Ochosi is a
Santería (Macumba) hunter Orisha. During any Santería (Macumba)
sacrifice to other Orishas; Ellegguá, Osún,and Ochosi must be
sacrificed to also. He requires a sacrifice of two pigeons.
Odin is the
Scandinavian "Father of the Gods", as well as the God of death, poetry,
wisdom, magick and war. His parents are the primordial pair of giants,
Bor and Bestla. With his brothers, Ve and Vili; he created heaven,
earth, and the twelve realms from the slain body of the primeval being
Ymir. In Scandinavian mythology, they also created the first human
beings, Ask and Embla.
Odin is the father of Balder, Hod, and Hermod, (by Frigg), and Thor (by the Goddess Jord).
Odin hung for
nine days, on the world tree Yggdrasil; speared by his own spear,
("Gungnir"), and where he learned nine songs, and eighteen runes.
represented as having one eye. (He traded his other for a drink from
the Well of Wisdom, which is how he gained incredible knowledge.)
magickal items are his spear "Gungnir", a wand and an arm-ring. Odin is
invoked for wisdom, occult knowledge and power, war, invisibility,
guile, curses, revenge and healing.
Ogún, Ogu, Oggzn Inquices: Pungo Dibudi,Zumbarandá, Roxo Mucumbe,
Inôssi Mucumbe, Ncôsse) is the Santería (Macumba) warrior Orisha of
ironworking. (In west Africa, blacksmithing is a sacred vocation.)
During any Santería (Macumba) sacrifice to other Orishas; Ellegguá,
Osún,and Ochosi must be sacrificed to also. The sacrifice to Oggún is a
small chicken. Oggún is identified with St. Peter, and symbolizes human
will. An article on Oggún can be found here.
Ogma is the
Celtic God of eloquence, inspiration and language. He is the inventor
of the Ogham druidic alphabet. He is portrayed as an old man with gold
chains running from his tongue to those around him.
Inquices: Nsambi, Sambia, Sambi, Nzambi, Insambi, Sambia Mpungu, Mpungu
Sambia, Asambia,Zumbá, Zambi,Zambiampongo) is the God of Heavens in the
Yoruba and Kongo pantheons.
Orisa) is a word to denote the named aspects of God in the Yoruba
pantheon. Each Orisha has its own personality and myth; and may or may
not be equivalent in the other forms of the religion. Orisha also
represent ancestors, and values and are identified with Saints or
others of the Catholic religion. Each Orisha also represents a
particular law, such as Oshun's law to "Love yourself", or Shangó's
"Use your head". For a clearer understanding of the Orisha, read the
article hyper-linked here.
Orùnmila, (aka Orula) is identified with St. Francis of Assisi in Santería.
Osiris is the
Egyptian God of re-birth, the moon, corn and other vegetation and the
dead. Osiris brings vegetative growth, and is anually resurrected by
his wife, Isis.
Ikolé, Oshún, Ochun, Inquices: Chola Wengue, Choya Wengue, Mama Chola,
Shola, Chola Anguenge, Mpungu Mama Wánga, Kissimbé, Samba) is the
Santería (Macumba) Orisha of Love and Sensuality as well as the
patroness of the blood-stream and of rivers. As Ikolé, she the
messenger to Olodumare, the God of the heavens. She is depicted as an
old woman whom is wise but sad at her loss of beauty. Alternately she
may be shown as tall, light brown-skinned woman who has the sensuality
of a prostitute. Osún wears seven brass bracelets, and wears a mirror
at her belt to admire herself. Her companions are a peacock and a
cricket. Osún is identified with the Virgin Mary as "Our Lady of
Charity" and symbolizes human self-esteem. She carries river water in
her pot. This is an Orisha of opposites, and powerful spells are worked
in Santería (Macumba) through her. Osún embodies the value of
connectiveness. The sacrifice to Osún is a small chicken. A story about
her can be read here.
Oya is the
female Warrior Orisha of the Wind, to the Santería (Macumba). She is
wedded to Shangó and has nine children. She is often depicted kneeling
and suckling a child. Tall and regal, Oya is invoked for power, action
and life. Oya embodies the value of change.
Pan is the
ancient Greek God of sacrificial fertility, and is the quintessential
woodland god. The Christian church demonized Pan to diminish his
powerful influence. Pan is depicted as a goat-hooved and lusty
Pashupati is the most ancient of the "horned gods".
Poseidon, meaning "earth-shaker", is the Greek God of both earthquakes and the sea.
Ptah is the Egyptian creater-God of Memphis. He is incarnate in the Apis bull. Sekhmet is his wife.
Ran is the
Scandinavian Goddess of storms, and ruler of the realm of the dead. She
married Aegir, and mothered nine daughters, which are the waves.
It was believed that Ran sunk ships and drowned sailors so that she could tenderly care for them in her hall under the ocean.
Re (aka Ra) is the Egyptian Sun-God. Myth has it that man and animals were created from his tears.
Renenet is the Egyptian Goddess whom protects children.
pronounced hri-an-non, is the Welsh Great Mother Goddess; goddess of
horses, enchantments, fertility, horses, birds and the underworld.
Invoke her as you would Epona.
Saga is a daughter of the Scandinavian God Odin and is invoked for a good memory as well as to recall past events.
Cronus, Kronos)is a Roman God of agriculture and the ruler of the
golden age. He is usually shown as an old man in a robe, carrying a
sickle. He is referred to as "The Sower". His counterpart in Greece is
Saxnot, aka Tîwaz) was the Saxon God that is said to be the founder of
the Saxon dynasty of Kings in Essex. It is thought that he was
originally known by this name in Essex; later to be changed to Tîwaz,
Tiw, and Tig. He is believed to have been a war God; and he could have
originally been known as Sahsginot, 'sword companion'. When the Saxons
were forced to be baptised, Seaxneat, as Tîwaz, was one of the three
specific Gods they were forced to renounce.
Sebek is the Egyptian crocodile-God who was worshipped at Shedet and at Ombos in upper Egypt.
Sekhmet is the
Egyptian Goddess of war and an aspect of Hathor. She is wife to Ptah.
Sekhmet is associated with the lioness and the heat of the desert.
Selene is the
Greek Moon Goddess and teacher to Magickans, and sorcerers. she is
shown as a beautiful, pale woman in a chariot drawn by either two white
horses or a mule.
Sequana is a Celtic River Goddess. She has a duck prowed boat and wears a diadem.
Serapis is an
Egyptian God of healing and the after-life. He was the chief state god
in the Ptolemaic period of Egyptian history; and is a fusion of Osiris
Set)is regarded as the Egyptian God of evil. He is both the enemy and
brother of the God Osiris. He is considered the personification of the
desert, barrenness and darkness, in ancient Egypt. He is portrayed as a
man with the head of an ass or as a piglike creature with an erect
Inquices: Nsasi, Insasi, Nkita, Nkitán Kitán, Kanbaranguanje,Insancio,
Mukiamamuilo, Zaze, Kibuco Kirbrico, Kiassubangango, Nzage,
Kambaranguanje ) is the Santería (Macumba, and Kongo) Orisha of
Courage, Truth and intelligence; as well as being the Lord of fire,
thunder, lightening, rain and (male) fertility. Changó is identified
with St. Barbara and St. Gerome of the Catholic faith. He is wedded to
Oya and they have nine children. His mother is Yemayah. He is thought
of being shrewd, smooth-talking, kingly, and a con-artist; he is
stimulated by challenge and he always wins against all odds. Shangó is
depicted in a double-headed dance wand headress, called the oshe Sangó,
and carries a double-headed axe which symbolizes his preparedness, and
courage. He also carries the phallic mortar, or odo, in his right hand,
and his totem animals are the black cat, quail and tortoise. He
embodies the value of truth, and demands a young rooster as sacrifice.
Shai is the Egyptian God of destiny. He is always present at births and on the day of judgement.
Shu is the Egyptian God of the air in Heliopolis.
Sif is the
second wife of Thor and the mother of Uller, by her first husband
Orvandil, a star-hero. Sif has long corn-gold hair and is the
Scandinavian Goddess of summer fertility and corn. Loki cut Sif's hair
and that act is interpreted as a corn-field fire. (In ancient
Scandinavia, a married woman who slept with another, had her hair
cropped, as punishment. Loki claimed in "Lokasenna" to have slept with
Sif and for this, cropped her hair. He then had dwarves forge hair of
gold for her.) Invoke Sif for conjugal fidelity, peace, friendship,
fertility and a happy family life.
("shadow"), is a local Scandinavian Goddess of winter. Her father is
the giant Thiazi. She is always portrayed wearing ice skates. Her hall
is Thrymheim. It is Skadi who fastened the poison snake over Loki's
head. Skadi married Uller after divorcing Njörd.
Syn is invoked by Scandinavian defendants on trial
Tauert is the
Egyptian Goddess of child-birth; she is represented as a hippopotamus.
Invoke her to ease the pain of child-birth and to insure a safe
Tefnut is the Egyptian Goddess of rain, moisture and dew, in Heliopolis.
Thunor (Anglo-Saxon), Thunar (Teutonic), Donar (Dutch), Donner
(German)) is the Scandinavian God of thunder and fighter of giants; was
one of the most powerful Gods in the Scandinavian pantheon. His parents
were Odin and Jord. Thor married the golden-haired Sif, a fertility
Goddess, and their daughter Thrudhr meaning "strength". (aka Thrud)
Thor's sons, Magni and Modi, are by his mistress, the giantess
Jarnsaxa, who's name means "iron-cutlass", or "Iron-Sax".
Thunar is the
Teutonic version of Thor. His father was Wodan, his mother; the earth.
Thunar represents the spirit of the law. Thunar is portrayed as a
red-headed and bearded burly man, often with a flint in his forehead,
but always carrying his hammer. Oaks are sacred to him. The Lap's
version of Thunar was married to Ravdna, meaning "Rowan". Invoke Thunar
to still storms at sea, bring travelers ans seamen to safety and to
protect outlaws. Thor's magical items are the hammer; Mjollnir, the
belt; "Megingjardhr", gloves, chariot, thunderbolts and oath-ring. He
is invoked for defense, strength, good weather, and agricultural
Thot, Tehuti, Djehuti) is the Egyptian God of wisdom, arts and
sciences, as well as magick, in Heliopolis. He is also the Egyptian God
of the calendar, chronology, and writing. Thoth is often depicted as
dog-headed-ape wearing the combined lunar disk and crescent above his
head. Thoth is also seen as an Ibis headed man, holding a writing
stylus and an ankh. Thoth is the scribe of the gods and is associated
with the ibis as well as the ape.
Tyr (Scandinavia), Tiw (Saxon), Seaxneat, Saxnot (Saxons in Essex),
Tig, Zio (Dutch), Ziu (German)) was the Teutonic war and "Sky God".
Great sacrifices were made to this God whom loved both law and justice.
As Tyr, he was
the original Scandinavian God of war as well as the patron God of
justice. Tyr represents the letter of the law. The Vikings demoted Tyr,
making Odin the God of war. (Interestingly, Tyr was then regarded as
He inspired courage and heroism, and was the giver of victories in battle.
hand was bitten off by Loki's son, the monstrous wolf Fenrir, when he
bound the wolf. Tyr is always represented with one hand.
Tiw, the Saxon
form of Tîwaz, was the original "great God", whom separated heaven and
earth. In "Lokasenna", Loki boasts of cuckolding Tiw, without
restitution. The name of Tiw's wife is not recorded.
Tîwaz's magical items are a shield, helmet and sword. He is invoked for battle glory, justice, oaths and arbitration.
Wulder (Saxon), Wuldor (Teutonic), Ull (ancient Norse)) is an ancient
Scandinavian God whos name meant "the brilliant one". He is a step-son
of Thor and his mother is Sif. (Uller's father was the star hero
invoked for oaths, duels and hunting. He was considered to be the
winter ruler of Asgard; and at one time was as important to the
Norsemen as Odin. Uller is associated with the Aurora Borealis.
Norse myth, Ull, meaning "glory", is the God of justice and dueling, as
well as the patron God of agriculture. He resides in his hall, Ydalir
("yew dales"). Uller married Skadi, after she divorced Njörd.
Saxo Grammaticus, Wuldor ruled in Wodan's place for ten years whilst
the latter was expelled in disgrace. (Wodan had disguised himself as a
woman in order to begat the avenger of Baldr's death, Bous.)
After Wodan was reinstated, Wuldor fled to Sweden.
Magickal items belonging to Uller are a bow, wuldortanas (glory-twigs), and an oath-ring.
Var was a
handmaiden to Frigg and a Scandinavian Goddess of contracts and
marriage agreements. She hates oath-breakers and will avenge the
wronged party in one. Interestingly, Var cognates with the German word
wahr, (meaning "true") and survives in English in the words "beware"
and "aware". Invoke Var to witness oaths and to avenge broken ones,
especially in marriages.
Venus is the Roman Goddess of love and beauty. Her Greek counterpart is Aphrodite.
Vídharr) is the Scandinavian God of silence and revenge. His parents
are Odin and the giantess Gridr. His hall in Asgard is Vidi. When the
monsterous wolf Fenrir swallows Odin at Ragnarok, Vidar will kill the
wolf by tearing it apart. Vidar is the second strongest God in the
Vor was a
handmaiden to Frigg and a Scandinavian Goddess of contracts and
marriage agreements. It is said that nothing can be kept hidden from
Wotan (German), Woden (Saxon),Wodanaz (early German), Odhinn, Wodann)
was the Teutonic version of the Scandinavian Odin, God of war; albeit
were worshippers of Wodan and practiced a ritual of stabbing and
burning in honour of this God. It was said by Procopius in the sixth
century, that these worshippers sacrificed by laying old, or dying men;
or men taken in battle, upon a funeral pyre and stabbing them to death,
just prior to torching the pyre. According to Saxo Grammaticus, Wuldor
ruled in Wodan's place for ten years whilst the latter was expelled in
disgrace. (Wodan had disguised himself as a woman in order to begat the
avenger of Baldr's death, Bous.)
After Wodan was reinstated, Wuldor fled to Sweden.
for Odin/Wodan are: Balefire-Eyed, Cargo-God, Drighten of Draugs,
Drighten of the Spear, Gautr, Hel-Blind, Hoar-Beard, Lord of the
Gallows, Sig-Father, Vidhur, Wal-Father, Yggr, and etc.
Yemalia, Yemalla, Yemayà, Yemonja, Baluandé, Balaúnde,Bamba di
Ngola,Mboma, Mamá Kalunga, Pungo Kasimba, Mamá Umba,Mbúmba Mamba, Nkita
Kiamasa, Nkita Kuna Mamba, Muana Lango,Mameto-Caitumbá,Dandalunda, Maie
Danda, Pandá) is the Santería (Macumba) Orisha of the Ocean, fish, and
Motherhood. Yemayah embodies the value of nurturance. She is
long-breasted, and wears an insignia of alternating crystal and blue
beads. She has a strong, nurturing, and life-giving, but very
destructive nature. In Santería (Macumba), she is considered to be the
Great Witch, and the ultimate manifestation of feminine power. Yemayah
is identified with the Virgin Mary as "Our Lady of Regla" and "Our Lady
of Lourdes". Yemalla symbolizes human compassion. Yemalla is the Palo
Xenios, Herkios, Gamelios) is chief God of the Greek pantheon. He is
God of the sky, storms, lightning and thunder. He also has a tremendous
influence in other matters. As Zeus Cthonos he is God of the earth and
fertility. As Zeus Soter, he is the father and saviour of humanity. As
Xenios, he is the protector of the rules of hospitality. As Herkios, he
was protector of the house; as Kleisos, he is the guardian of property.
As Gamelios, he is the God of Marriage. Zeus is usually depicted as a
powerful, regal and bearded man. Sometimes he is shown carrying a
thunderbolt; at other times, he is shown with the sceptre of authority.
Zurvan is the
Persian God of time and infinate space. He is also the lord of the four
elements. Zurvan is depicted as having four faces; procreation, birth,
aging and the return to the infinite.