Herbs & Oils
~ Z ~
Curcuma Zedoaria (ROSCOE)
Medicinal Action and Uses
---Habitat---East Indies and Cochin-China.
two kinds of Zedoary, the long and the round, distinguished by the
names of radix zedoaria longae (Curcuma Zerumbet, the Long
Zedoary of the shops) and radix zedoaria rotundae. The long
is in slices, or oval fingers; the round in transverse, rounded
sections, twisted and wrinkled, greyish-brown in colour, hairy,
rough, and with few root scars. The odour is camphoraceous, and the
taste warm, aromatic, and slightly bitter, resembling ginger. The
five commercial varieties come from China, Bengal, Madras, Java and
Cochin-China, and vary in size and colour. When chewed they turn
the saliva yellow. The powder is coloured brown-red by alkalis and
boric acid. The Zerumbet has been erroneously confused with the
Starch, or East Indian Arrowroot, is prepared from the rhizomes of
varieties of Zedoary are used as an ingredient in condiments and
oil, when distilled with water, fixed oil, pungent resin, curcumin
(an orange-yellow, tasteless, resinous principle), starch,
mucilage, and an alkaloid.
---Medicinal Action and
Uses---Aromatic, stimulant. Useful in flatulent colic and
debility of the digestive organs, though it is rarely employed, as
ginger gives the same, or better results. It is used as an
ingredient in bitter tincture of Zedoary, antiperiodic pills (with
and without aloes) bitter tincture, antiperiodic tincture (with and
---Dosages---From 10 grains
to 1/2 drachm. Fluid extract, 10 to 30 drops. Infusion of 1/2 OZ.
to a pint of boiling water, 1 tablespoonful.