ESSENTIAL-OIL-TECHNICAL-DATA

  ESSENTIAL OIL TECHNICAL DATA

Name Bot. name. Constituents Solubility
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Angelica A. archangelica phellandrene; 6 vols 90% EtOH
valeric acid
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Anise P. anisum 80-90% anethole; 3 vols EtOH; ether
methylchavicol chloroform
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Asarum A. canadense pinene; methyleugenol 2 vols 70% EtOH
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Balm M. officinalis chiefly citral EtOH
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Basil O. basilicum methylchavicol; 2 vols 80% EtOH
eucalyptol; linalool ether; chloroform
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Calamus A. calamus 76% beta-asarone EtOH
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Caraway C. carvi 53-63% carvone; 1 vol 90% EtOH;
d-limolene 8 vols 80% EtOH
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Cinnamon C. cassia 80-90% cinnamaldehyde EtOH; glac. acetic
acid
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Citronella C. nardus 25-50% citronellal 10 vols 80% EtOH
25-45% geraniol
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Clove E. caryophyllata 82-87% eugenol EtOH; ether;
glac. acetic acid
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Dill A. graveolens 50% carvone; apiole 1 vol 90% EtOH
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Eucalyptus E. globulus 70-80% eucalyptol; abs EtOH; oils
alpha-pinene 5 vols 70% EtOH
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Fennel F. vulgare 50-60% anethole; 1 vol 90% EtOH;
20% fenchone ether; chloroform
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Geranium P. odoratissimum geraniol esters 3 vols 10% EtOH;
(geranyl tiglate) ether; chloroform
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Ginger Z. officinale l-zingiberene; ether; carbon
d-camphene disulfide
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Hops H. lupulus 65-70% humulene ether
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Hyssop H. officinalis 50% pinene 2-4 vols 80% EtOH
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Juniper J. communis pinene; cadinene; 4 vols EtOH; amyl
camphene; terpineol alcohol; chloroform
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Lavender L. officinalis 30-40% esters 4 vols 70% EtOH
(linalyl acetate) absolute EtOH
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Lemon C. limonum 90% limonene 3 vols EtOH; glac.
acetic acid
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Lemon grass C. citratus 75-85% citral 3 vols 70% EtOH;
ether; chloroform
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Marjoram O. marjorana 40% terpenes 2 vols 80% EtOH;
ether; chloroform
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Nutmeg M. fragrans 60-80% d-camphene 1 vol EtOH;
myristicin; elemicin 3 vols 90% EtOH
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Parsley P. hortense chiefly apiole 8 vols 80% EtOH;
ether
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Patchouli Labiatae species patchouli oil ether
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Pennyroyal M. pulegium 85% pulegone 3 vols 70% EtOH;
H. pulegioides ether; chloroform
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Peppermint M. piperita >50% menthol 4 vols 90% EtOH
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Rosemary R. officinalis >10% borneol 10 vols 80% EtOH
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Rue R. graveolens 90% methyl nonyl ketone 3 vols 70% EtOH
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Sandalwood S. album 90% alcohols (santalol) 5 vols 70% EtOH
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Sassafras S. albidum 80% safrole 2 vols 90% EtOH
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Spearmint M. spicata >50% carvone equal vol 80% EtOH
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Sweet Bay L. nobilis eucalyptol; eugenol EtOH
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Tansy T. vulgare thujone; borneol; EtOH; ether;
camphor chloroform
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Thyme T. vulgaris 20-40% thymol 2 vols 80% EtOH
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Valerian V. officinalis bornyl esters (acetic, EtOH; ether;
formic, isovaleric) chloroform
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Vetiver V. zizanioides 8-35% sesquiterpene 1-3 vols 80% EtOH;
ketones oils
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White Cedar T. occidentalis d-thujone; l-fenchone 4 vols 70% EtOH
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Wormwood A. absinthium Thujyl alcohol; thujyl 2 vols 80% EtOH;
acetate; thujone ether
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Yarrow A. millefolium cineol EtOH; ether
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Abbreviations:


EtOH - ethyl alchol HOAc - acetic acid
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Properties of constituents:

Compound Property
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Anethole carminative
Apiole carminative
Borneol perfumery, incense
Bornyl esters sedatives, antiseptics, counterirritants
Camphor anti-infective, counterirritant,antipruritic
Carvone flavoring, perfumery, carminative
Cinnamaldehyde flavoring, perfumery
Citral flavoring, perfumery
Citronellal insect repellant
Eucalyptol flavoring
Eugenol dental analgesic, insect attractant
Fenchone counterirritant, perfumes
Geraniol perfumery, insect attractant,
Humulene urinary antiseptic (?)
Limonene skin irritant, sensitizer
Linalool perfumery
Menthol antipruritic, flavoring, carminative, anesthetic
Myristicin mild hallucinogen
Phellandrene fragrances
Pinene manufacture of organic compounds
Safrole topical antiseptic, pediculicide, carminitive
Santalol in perfumes, soaps, detergents
Thujone [ingestion can cause convulsions]
Thymol antifungal, antithelmintic, antiseptic
Valeric acid intermediate in perfumery

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This information may be of use to some more advanced herbalists. The
solubility information will be of use to anyone who prepares essential oils.

This is for informational purposes only. I do not endorse the use of any of
these agents, especially by the untrained. Many of these agents are very
toxic.